The Architecture of the Human Mind is an integrative map of how the human mind processes information and regulates overt behavior. It is based on Behavioral Investment Theory , which is a metatheoretical formulation that can be thought of as combining a view of animal behavior consistent with the perspective of the behaviorist B. F. Skinner (i.e., his behavioral selection view of reinforcement ), a view of the brain consistent with the perspective of the neuroscientist and psychiatrist Karl Friston (i.e., his work on predictive processing and the free energy principle), a view of emotion that is consistent with the perspective of the psychologist Lisa Feldman Barret (i.e., her work on the core of the nervous system being about movement and energy expenditure), and a view of cognition consistent with the perspective of the philosopher and cognitive scientist John Vervaeke (i.e., his integrative model of recursive relevance realization). As shown, the diagram is … [Read more...] about The Architecture of the Human Mind Diagram
If the iPhone is the camera you always have in your pocket, it’s also your always-available sketchpad. That’s why, despite the favor the larger iPad gets when it comes to creative iOS apps, there’s still a huge number of drawing and sketching apps for the small screen for when inspiration strikes from … well, anywhere. When choosing the ideal drawing and sketching app, consider the variety of pen nibs, brushes, layering options, vector graphics support, stylus support, and painting options on offer. Note that many apps are available for free, with some requiring subscriptions as backup for pro features. If your storage space accommodates, you can have more than one art app on your phone. Best of all, most drawing apps available for the iPhone are also compatible with the iPad, which makes going back and forth between small screen and larger screen especially easy and convenient. Here are our picks for the best drawing apps for iPhone. Adobe Fresco Adobe Fresco, a free drawing … [Read more...] about The best drawing apps for the iPhone
The Pyramid of Perspectives Source: Roni Beth Tower A long time ago, a graphic offered by Steven Rose in his 1976 book, The Conscious Brain , inspired one of my professors to suggest that Rose’s pyramid for explaining consciousness (page 30) could be modified to label the perspectives from which we describe our personal experiences. Ever since, I have pondered this schema, asked myself what language I or someone else is using to reflect upon their own reactions to internal or external happenings, and modified his visual to fit the data I saw in my clinical office and research literature. My diagram above shows that we can talk about — or study — the same human phenomenon using at least seven different languages, giving rise to at least seven separate perspectives. I illustrated the value of this approach in Benefits of Sex After 50 and reflected on its utility in a follow-up, Yes, Older Adults Do Enjoy Sex . I revisited the model most recently in Six Ways the … [Read more...] about The Pyramid of Perspectives
A child holds their hands up in front of their face, revealing palms covered in a rainbow of paint. Source: Sharon McCutcheon/Pexels Many people on the autism spectrum have atypical responses to certain sensations. One person might become overwhelmed in a noisy, brightly-lit shopping center, while another might have to cut all the labels out of their clothing because they can’t stand the feeling of the tags rubbing against their skin. Those sensory sensitivities were believed to be hallmarks of autism for decades, until new research began to reveal that sensory processing disorder (SPD) may be a condition all its own. SPD presents in one of three broad patterns: Sensory modulation disorder, which impairs a person’s ability to regulate their response to sensations. Someone with this pattern of SPD might overreact to, under-react to, or excessively crave sensory input. Sensory-based motor disorder, in which problems with the sense of balance or the sense of body … [Read more...] about It’s Not Autism, It’s Sensory Processing Disorder
In the early 19th century, Austrian astronomer Joseph Johann Von Littrow earnestly proposed that humans dig trenches configured in vast geometric patterns in the Sahara desert , fill them with kerosene and light them ablaze. The idea was to send a clear message to alien civilizations living elsewhere in the solar system: We are here. Von Littrow never saw his idea come to fruition. Still, long after he proposed his ambitious plan, we haven't stopped our attempts to contact extraterrestrial life. So, what messages have we sent to aliens? Related: Are aliens ignoring us? Radio actualized the quest to declare Earth's existence. In 1962, Soviet scientists aimed a radio transmitter at Venus and saluted the planet in Morse code. This introduction, the first of its kind, included three words: Mir (Russian for "peace" or "world"), Lenin and SSSR (the Latin alphabet acronym for the Cyrillic name of the Soviet Union). The message was considered largely symbolic, … [Read more...] about What messages have we sent to aliens?